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Diseases Cats Carry

diseases cats carry 1

Diseases Cats Carry

var dualAdDeliveryFlag = true; According to the Humane Society of the United States, there are more than 70 million feral and stray cats roaming the streets. Because stray cats often carry dangerous diseases, the best thing that you can do to protect your domesticated cat against serious illness is to keep it indoors. By staying inside, your cat is less likely to fight with other animals and risk the chance of spreading diseases through wounds. You’ll also keep it away from infection-spreading parasites, including fleas and ticks, and prevent the kidney failure that can come as a result of ingesting poisonous substances such as antifreeze.Outdoor cats and those that live in multi-cat homes have the highest risk of disease. However, indoor cats and “only cats” can get sick, too. The good news about cat illnesses is that most are easily preventable; the bad news is that once your cat contracts an illness, it can be very difficult to treat. It’s also important to keep in mind that even minor ailments can suggest major health problems. But some cat diseases are more dangerous than others. Read on to learn about some of the most serious ones.
diseases cats carry 1

Diseases Cats Carry

According to the Humane Society of the United States, there are more than 70 million feral and stray cats roaming the streets. Because stray cats often carry dangerous diseases, the best thing that you can do to protect your domesticated cat against serious illness is to keep it indoors. By staying inside, your cat is less likely to fight with other animals and risk the chance of spreading diseases through wounds. You’ll also keep it away from infection-spreading parasites, including fleas and ticks, and prevent the kidney failure that can come as a result of ingesting poisonous substances such as antifreeze.Outdoor cats and those that live in multi-cat homes have the highest risk of disease. However, indoor cats and “only cats” can get sick, too. The good news about cat illnesses is that most are easily preventable; the bad news is that once your cat contracts an illness, it can be very difficult to treat. It’s also important to keep in mind that even minor ailments can suggest major health problems. But some cat diseases are more dangerous than others. Read on to learn about some of the most serious ones.
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Diseases Cats Carry

What is a zoonotic disease? While most feline infectious diseases affect only cats, and most human infectious diseases affect only humans, it is important to be aware that some of these diseases—called zoonotic diseases—can be transmitted between cats and people. You are much more likely to contract ailments from other humans than you are from your cat. However, simple precautions, common sense, and good hygiene, including careful handling of litter boxes and treating cats with fleas and other parasites, can further reduce the risk of zoonotic disease.
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Diseases Cats Carry

Suggested Articles Fleas Ticks Gastrointestinal Parasites of Cats Feeding Your Cat Ringworm Need for Rabies Vaccination for Indoor Cats Toxoplasmosis What can I do to protect myself? Common sense and good hygiene will go a long way toward keeping you, your family, and your cat free of zoonotic diseases. Here are a few simple precautions: Wash hands before eating and after handling cats. Schedule annual checkups and fecal exams for your cat. Seek veterinary care for sick cats. Keep rabies vaccinations current. Maintain appropriate flea and tick control. Avoid letting your cat lick your face, food utensils, or plate. Consider keeping cats indoors. Seek medical attention for cat bites. Feed cats cooked or commercially processed food. Scoop litter boxes to remove fecal material daily. Periodically clean litter boxes with scalding water and detergent. Wear gloves when gardening or handling raw meat; wash hands afterwards. Cover children’s sandboxes when not in use. Wash fruits and vegetables before eating. Filter or boil surface water before consuming. Cook meat to 160°F or 80°C (medium-well-done).
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Diseases Cats Carry

The prevention of these diseases is fairly simple. People must avoid coming into contact with cat faeces in gardens or litter trays. Gloves must be worn when cleaning out litter trays and hands must be washed properly after direct contact with cats. Sandpits must be kept covered when not in use, to avoid children coming into contact with cat faeces. Cats should be dewormed regularly and children must be taught not to play roughly with cats, so that scratches can be avoided. Frequent handwashing after contact with cats is essential.
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Diseases Cats Carry

4. Protozoal Infections Protozoans are single-celled organisms. The three most common protozoal diseases in cats and humans are cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and toxoplasmosis. Cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis can cause diarrhea in both cats and people, who usually become infected by a common source—for example, contaminated water—not by each other. To prevent the spread of infection, schedule annual fecal examinations for your cats, and medicate infected cats as directed by your veterinarian. Other preventive measures include wearing gloves while handling feces-contaminated material, washing hands afterwards, and boiling or filtering any surface water used for drinking.
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Diseases Cats Carry

What can I do to protect myself? Common sense and good hygiene will go a long way toward keeping you, your family, and your cat free of zoonotic diseases. Here are a few simple precautions: Wash hands before eating and after handling cats. Schedule annual checkups and fecal exams for your cat. Seek veterinary care for sick cats. Keep rabies vaccinations current. Maintain appropriate flea and tick control. Avoid letting your cat lick your face, food utensils, or plate. Consider keeping cats indoors. Seek medical attention for cat bites. Feed cats cooked or commercially processed food. Scoop litter boxes to remove fecal material daily. Periodically clean litter boxes with scalding water and detergent. Wear gloves when gardening or handling raw meat; wash hands afterwards. Cover children’s sandboxes when not in use. Wash fruits and vegetables before eating. Filter or boil surface water before consuming. Cook meat to 160°F or 80°C (medium-well-done).
diseases cats carry 7

Diseases Cats Carry

5. Viral Infections Most viruses infect only their natural host species. Human viruses, like those that cause the common cold, infect only humans, while feline immunodeficiency virus, feline infectious peritonitis virus, and feline leukemia virus infect only cats. However, one virus that can be passed from cats to humans is rabies, a viral disease resulting from the bite of an infected animal. Cats are highly susceptible to rabies, which attacks the central nervous system, causing a variety of signs. Rabies is almost always fatal. In people, rabies infections usually occur when an infected animal bites a person. In order to protect human health, rabies vaccination of cats is required by law in many areas. Even if your cat is kept indoors, it is important to keep rabies vaccines current because cats occasionally escape outdoors, and because rabid animals such as bats and raccoons occasionally enter houses. To further reduce your risk of rabies, avoid contact with wildlife and stray animals. See a doctor immediately if you have been bitten by an animal.
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According to the Humane Society of the United States, there are more than 70 million feral and stray cats roaming the streets. Because stray cats often carry dangerous diseases, the best thing that you can do to protect your domesticated cat against serious illness is to keep it indoors. By staying inside, your cat is less likely to fight with other animals and risk the chance of spreading diseases through wounds. You’ll also keep it away from infection-spreading parasites, including fleas and ticks, and prevent the kidney failure that can come as a result of ingesting poisonous substances such as antifreeze.
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Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a single-cell parasite, toxoplasma gondii, which can only reproduce in the cells lining the intestines of cats. While most pets can carry this disease, only cats shed the eggs or oocysts that cause this infection. Cats get this infection from eating rodents or insects, or by being in contact with other infected cats or their faeces.
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As recently discussed here, cats, like other animals can harbor and transmit a number of diseases and parasites to humans.  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading public health institute in the United States, contains a plethora of scientific information and data on its website, including “he most common diseases associated with cats that can cause human illness.”
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Outdoor cats and those that live in multi-cat homes have the highest risk of disease. However, indoor cats and “only cats” can get sick, too. The good news about cat illnesses is that most are easily preventable; the bad news is that once your cat contracts an illness, it can be very difficult to treat. It’s also important to keep in mind that even minor ailments can suggest major health problems. But some cat diseases are more dangerous than others. Read on to learn about some of the most serious ones.
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The seroprevalence of T. gondii in domestic cats, worldwide, has been estimated to be around 30–40%. In the United States, no official national estimate has been made, but local surveys have shown levels varied between 16% and 80%. A 2012 survey of 445 purebred pet cats and 45 shelter cats in Finland found an overall seroprevalence of 48.4%. A 2010 survey of feral cats from Giza, Egypt, found an overall seroprevalence of 97.4%. Another survey from Colombia showed the seroprevalence of 89.3% whereas a Chinese study showed seroprevalence of 2.1%.

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