How Do Cats Get Fip. How did my cats get FIP? Q I have two cats (mother and daughter) who have just been diagnosed with feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). They have presented with dry FIP, not the wet form and both have renal failure. We have two other cats and I have been told it is likely that they will all have the disease. But I’d like to know how my cats contracted FIP? They are all indoor cats, full vaccinated and only two have shown any symtoms.Joe Inglis says: FIP is a very difficult disease to deal with as it is both hard to diagnose and almost impossible to treat.The disease is caused by a virus which is very common and affects most cats to some degree or other. The reason why some cats develop the symptoms of FIP and others don’t is down to their immune systems – ironically those cats that respond most strongly to the virus are those who suffer from the disease as the disease itself is caused by an overreaction of the immune system to the virus rather than the virus itself.This means that only certain cats are likely to be at risk of this disease, and also that particular families of cats are more likely to be affected due to similarities in their genetic makeup and therefore their immune responses.
How Do Cats Get Fip
This is almost certainly why your mother and daughter cats have both been affected whereas the other cats in the household have shown no signs.The virus that causes FIP is very common and is something that your cats could have been exposed to at any point, despite being indoor cats. Due to the near-impossibility of accurately confirming a diagnosis of FIP before a post mortem examination, you do need to be aware that it is not a 100 per cent certainty that this is what is affecting your cats and it could be that their renal problems are down to another disease process such as an inherited kidney problem for example.Personally I don’t think there is a great deal of point in keeping your other cats separate due to the fact that if this is FIP they have almost certainly already been exposed and not reacted badly to the virus, or it could be that this is not FIP but a genetic problem and therefore of no risk to your other cats.Click here to find out more about FIP and its symptoms.
The following information isn’t intended to replace regular visits to your veterinarian. If you think your cat may have feline infectious peritonitis, please see your veterinarian immediately. And remember, please do not give any medication to your pet without talking to your veterinarian first. What Is Feline Infectious Peritonitis Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a viral disease that occurs worldwide in wild and domestic cats. It is caused by a type of virus called a coronavirus, which tends to attack the cells of the intestinal wall. In 1970, the coronavirus that causes FIP was isolated and characterized. In 1981, another coronavirus was isolated. Although this virus is nearly identical to the FIP virus, cats who were infected with it developed only very mild diarrhea and recovered easily. What Are the Symptoms of FIP? FIP manifests in a “wet” form and a “dry” form. Signs of both forms include fever that doesn’t respond to antibiotics, anorexia, weight loss and lethargy. In addition, the wet form of FIP is characterized by accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, the chest cavity, or both. Cats with fluid in the chest exhibit labored breathing. Cats with fluid in the abdomen show progressive, nonpainful abdominal distension. In the dry form of FIP, small accumulations of inflammatory cells, or granulomas, form in various organs, and clinical signs depend on which organ is affected. If the kidneys are affected, excessive thirst and urination, vomiting and weight loss are seen; if the liver, jaundice. The eyes and the neurologic system are frequently affected, as well. How Is FIP Diagnosed? Diagnosing FIP is challenging. Despite the claims made by some laboratories and test manufacturers, there is currently no test that can distinguish between the harmless intestinal coronavirus and the deadly FIP coronavirus. A positive test may support the veterinarian’s suspicions, but by itself is inconclusive. It means only that a cat has been exposed to and may be harboring a coronavirus. A negative test usually (but not always) indicates that the cat is unlikely to have FIP. If a cat has what appears to be the wet form of the disease, laboratory analysis of some of the fluid can support a diagnosis of FIP. A 1994 study reported that cats with signs suggestive of FIP, who also had a high coronavirus antibody level, reduced numbers of lymphocytes and high levels of globulins in the bloodstream, had an 88.9 percent probability of having FIP. Diagnosing the dry form of the disease is even more challenging, often requiring biopsy of affected organs.
FIP is a viral disease of cats that can affect many systems of the body. It is a progressive disease and almost always fatal. It is found worldwide and affects not only domestic cats, but many wild ones as well, including cougars, bobcats, lynx, lions, and cheetahs. What causes FIP? FIP is caused by a virus. Cats can be infected with feline coronavirus (FCoV). There are two types of this virus which cannot be distinguished from each other in laboratory tests. One is avirulent (does not cause disease) or only mildly virulent and is called feline enteric coronavirus (FECV). Infection with this virus does not produce any signs other than maybe a very mild diarrhea. The other type is virulent (produces disease), is the cause of FIP, and is called feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). It is believed that FIP occurs when FECV mutates to FIPV in the cat and starts to replicate in the cat’s cells. What causes this mutation is unknown. How common is FCoV infection and the development of FIP in cats? Studies have shown that approximately 25-40% of household cats, and up to 95% of cats in multi-cat households and catteries are or have been infected with FCoV. The development of fatal FIP occurs in 1 in 5000 cats in households with one or two cats. In multi-cat households and catteries 5% of cats die from FIP. How is the virus transmitted?
Coronavirus in Cats Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in Cats Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a viral disease in cats which carries a high mortality due to its characteristic aggressiveness and nonresponsiveness to fever, along with other complications. This disease is comparatively high in multi-cat households as compared to those with a single cat. It is difficult to diagnose, control, and prevent, and in cases of outbreaks within breeding catteries and kennels, can result in a high number of deaths. It is most often spread through inhalation of airborne contaminants and infected feces, but the virus can also be transmitted by humans who have come into contact with the virus, or can stay active on surfaces that have been contaminated. This disease exploits weakened and immature immune systems, spreading by way of the white blood cells as they move throughout the body. The highest incidence is found in kittens three months to three years of age, with incidence decreasing sharply after cats reach three years of age, when the immune system is stronger. Likewise, older cats with weakened immune systems are also more likely to acquire this disease. Symptoms and Types Symptoms of FIP vary depending upon the strain of virus involved, the status of the cat’s immune system, and the organs affected. There are two forms reported, including wet (effusive form), which targets the body cavities, and dry (noneffusive form), which targets the various organs. The wet form tends to progress more rapidly than the dry form, In either case, the body condition suffers, with the hair coat becoming rough and dull, and the cat becoming increasingly lethargic and depressed. Wet/Effusive Persistent and unresponsive fever Lack of appetite Weight loss (gradual) Poor appetite Diarrhea Gradual swelling of abdomen (potbellied appearance) Accumulation of fluid in the chest cavity Difficulty breathing Sneezing, runny nose Lethargy Dry/Non-effusive Poor growth in kittens Anemia Jaundice Diarrhea Fever Depression Inflammation of various parts of eye Neurological symptoms (e.g., loss of ability to coordinate movements, loss of vision) Causes FIP generally follows infection of a feline coronavirus, which typically does not cause any outward symptoms. It is assumed that there are some types of coronaviruses that mutate into the feline infectious peritonitis, either on their own or as the result of a defect in the cat’s immune response. Also complicating the matter is that a coronavirus can lie dormant in a cat’s body over months before mutating into FIP. The FIP virus then infects the white blood cells, using them as transportation to invade the entire body. Diagnosis This disease is historically difficult to diagnose because FIP can mimic other diseases. This is especially true of the dry form. There is no single laboratory test available that can point decisively to FIP, but your veterinarian may be able to make a presumptive diagnosis based on laboratory findings.
How Do Cats Get Fip
A complete blood count may show changes in the number of white blood cells (WBCs), and this will indicate that an infection is present, but it may not be clear what infection is present. While an ELISA or IFA test will show the presence of coronavirus antibodies, it cannot distinguish the type of coronavirus, or even whether it is the cause of your cats’ condition, only that your cat has been in contact with the virus and has developed antibodies to it. The level of antibodies is not a predictor for your cat’s susceptibility for developing the disease. There are also few changes seen in a biochemistry profile testing. More specific testing may be used by your cat’s veterinarian, including a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, which may differentiate the unique DNA of the FIP virus, but again, this often only shows that the virus is a coronavirus, not what type it is. Your pet’s veterinarian may take sample of fluid from abdominal or thoracic cavity for further evaluation. In some difficult to diagnose cases, abdominal surgery may be required for diagnosis. For the most part, veterinarians base their conclusions on a process of differential diagnosis, by which the veterinarian is guided by a deeper inspection of the outward symptoms, ruling out all other diseases as the conditions are not met, and all symptoms point to one specific disease more than others. 1 2 Next thoracicPertaining to the chest quarantinea condition in which an animal must be controlled in some manner in order to prevent a disease from spreading prognosisThe prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance peritonitisA medical condition in which the peritoneum becomes inflamed.
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